ST. PETERSBURG, Fla. – A new study released ahead of the 2018 Grammy Awards highlights a massive gender gap in the music industry.

The report, “Inclusion in the Recording Studio? Gender & Race/Ethnicity of Artists, Songwriters & Producers Across 600 Popular Songs from 2012-1017”, was based on research by the USC Annenberg Inclusion Initiative and looked at the state of inclusion in music.

It paints a picture of a strikingly male-dominated industry from the artists to the songwriters and producers.

Especially the producers.

Women represent only 22.4 percent of artists, 12.3 percent of songwriters and 2 percent of producers. the study said.

When it comes to Grammy nominations, only 9.3 percent of nominees from 2013 to 2018 were female - 90.7 percent of nominees were male.

The study came to four conclusions:

  • Females are missing in popular music.
  • Racial/ethnic inclusion appears in some areas of the music industry.
  • Genre and gender are linked for women, but not for men.
  • Music diverges from and dovetails with other forms of entertainment.

The authors also highlight a need for future research on the reasons for underrepresentation of women or people of color in different positions within the music industry.

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