Stocks fall for 5th straight day in longest slump of 2012

2:43 PM, Apr 10, 2012   |    comments
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NEW YORK (AP) - The stock market extended its longest and deepest slump of the year Tuesday, caught between a recurring nightmare of European debt and the beginning of uncertain corporate earnings reports at home.

The Dow Jones industrial average was down more than 180 points in the last hour of trading and was on pace for its third triple-digit decline in four trading sessions. It hit its lowest point since Feb. 3, during the market's strong and steady climb earlier this year.

The Dow declined 335 points from last Tuesday through Monday. That included 131 points on Monday, the first time investors could react to a report showing much weaker job growth in March than in the three previous months.

Prices for U.S. government debt rose for the fifth day in a row as investors sought a safe place for their money.

The yield on the benchmark 10-year Treasury dropped to 1.99% from 2.04% Monday.European markets sold off while Wall Street was still sleeping. Concern about the financial health of Spain intensified, and borrowing costs for that country rose considerably.

The main stock indexes in Spain and France closed down about 3% for the day, the equivalent of a 400-point drop in the Dow. Stocks dropped 2.5% in Germany and 2.2% in Britain.

"They've managed to put a Band-Aid on the debt crisis, but there's really no solution," said Colleen Supran, a principal at the investment adviser Bingham, Osborn & Scarborough. "And Spain is a much bigger problem than Greece."

The yield on 10-year Spanish bonds crept close to 6%. The point at which governments can no longer afford to raise money on the international bond markets and must seek bailouts is generally considered to be 7%.

The 7% level forced Greece, the last focal point of the European debt crisis, to seek rescue loans. But Spain's economy is more than five times as large as Greece's.

In the United States, investors waited for an earnings report from Alcoa, the aluminum maker, scheduled for just after the closing bell. Alcoa is the first of the 30 stocks in the Dow to report its quarterly results.

After nine consecutive quarters of earnings growth, analysts think earnings will decline 0.1% this time. Better performance than that could stop the market's decline, but a weaker showing could accelerate the selling.

Alcoa stock fell 2.6% ahead of the report, compared with a 1.4% decline for the broader Standard & Poor's 500.

"Whatever qualifications you want to give it - it's because of cost-cutting, they've laid off a lot of people - earnings have been one bright spot," said Adrian Day, president of Adrian Day Asset Management in Annapolis, Md. "If that were to turn, that would be sort of the last leg on the stool being knocked away."

The economic news of the day was mixed: Wholesale businesses increased their inventories in February more than analysts had expected, and more expensive gasoline drove sales higher.

The growth of wholesale restocking is still expected to be a drag on the overall economy for the first quarter, but not as much as economists thought.

Still, after the strongest first three months for stocks since 1998, investors have found plenty to fret about: The Federal Reserve is worried about the strength of job growth and not inclined to provide further help for the economy.

Consumer discretionary stocks, which include travel companies, clothing stores and cable companies, fell 2% as group, the worst-performing segment of the market.

Financial stocks fell almost as much, and even utilities and health care stocks, which are more dependable in times of economic uncertainty, were down more than 1% each.

The worst-performing stock in the Dow was Bank of America, which tends to take a hit when concerns about Europe grow stronger. Bank of America was down 3.8%.

Last year, the Dow's longest losing streak was an eight-day, 850-point plunge in July and August, with Congress bickering over the government debt limit and just before the S&P ratings agency downgraded the U.S.

When earnings reports begin rolling in, analysts think they will reflect slowing growth in China and a tottering Europe. But "a lot of these companies are in a good spot," said JJ Kinahan, chief derivatives strategist for TD Ameritrade in Chicago.

"There seems to be this black cloud as everyone talks about the market," Kinahan said.

He noted that stocks are well up for the year. The S&P 500 was up 8%even counting Tuesday's decline. The Dow was up more than 4% the Nasdaq 15%.

The low expectations for earnings could also be a blessing in disguise. Companies may have an easier time beating them, which can drive up their stock price, at least temporarily.

"CEOs have done a very good job of setting expectations low," Kinahan said.

Analysts have also worried that high gasoline prices could hurt the economic recovery. The price of oil fell below $102 per barrel Tuesday, but that was because traders are betting that a weak U.S. economy will keep demand low.

Oil nearly hit $110 last month. It was about $75 in October. The buildup has been partly because of tension over Iran's nuclear program and the oil embargos that have ensued.

Iran, which has already cut off oil shipments to France and Britain, declared Tuesday that it would extend the embargo to Greece, a pre-emptive strike against European countries that planned to stop buying from Iran. Talks on Iran's nuclear program are scheduled for Saturday.

Among stocks making big moves:

• Supervalu, the grocery chain that owns Albertsons and Jewel-Osco, climbed more than 9%. The company reported a quarterly loss but outlined turnaround plans that include closing stores and slashing jobs.

•Best Buy fell almost 3% after announcing that its chief executive had resigned without a permanent successor. The electronics giant is struggling for market share in a retail world that's been shaken up by online companies like Amazon.

(Copyright 2012 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.)

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