(CBS NEWS) -- Jorge Bergoglio - who will be now known as Pope Francis I - has spent
nearly his entire career at home in Argentina, overseeing churches and
The 76-year-old archbishop of
Buenos Aires reportedly got the second-most votes after Joseph Ratzinger
in the 2005 papal election, and he has long specialized in the kind of
pastoral work that some say is an essential skill for the next pope. He
is the first Jesuit to be elected pope.
In a lifetime of
teaching and leading priests in Latin America, which has the largest
share of the world's Catholics, Bergoglio has shown a keen political
sensibility as well as the kind of self-effacing humility that fellow
cardinals value highly.
Bergoglio is known for modernizing an Argentine church that had been among the most conservative in Latin America.
Bergoglio is known to be conservative on spiritual issues . He
opposes abortion, same-sex marriage and supports celibacy. However, according to the National Cathedral Reporter's John Allen, "he's no defender of clerical privilege, or insensitive to pastoral realities."
that in 2012, Allen assailed priests who refused to baptize children
born out of wedlock, calling it a form of "rigorous and hypocritical