TAMPA, Fla. — It's a term that's recently become popularized as the United States continues its nationwide rollout of the COVID-19 vaccine.
The medical breakthrough will give many a fighting chance against the coronavirus and hopefully help bring back some normalcy to everyday life.
The end goal of vaccinating would be to help states reach a level of herd immunity. What that means is a majority of the population is immune to an infectious disease, slowing down the rate at which it spreads.
So, if 80 percent of a population is immune to the virus, four out of five people would not get sick if they encountered someone who has been infected, possibly unable to spread the disease any further.
According to Johns Hopkins University, 50 to 90 percent of a population would have to be immune in order to reach herd immunity. And while there's no exact percentage for COVID-19, scientists estimate 70 percent would be the threshold.
We recently talked with Dr. Jill Roberts. She's a molecular epidemiologist with a background in microbiology. She's also a public health advocate. She'd like to see closer to 90 percent of Floridians vaccinated. But, we'll use 70 percent for the purposes of the chart below.
Using census information and data from Florida's Department of Health, we charted Florida's course to herd immunity. In order for the state's 21.4 million residents to reach that goal, roughly 15 million people must be vaccinated.
Compare and contrast the total number of people vaccinated with the total number of people who have received a second dose, along with daily vaccinations and the magic number for herd immunity.
NOTE: This chart was created using data from the Florida Department of Health's daily vaccine report. Numbers may fluctuate as hospitals and labs send new information to the state.
At the moment, scientists do not know the exact proportion of the population that must be vaccinated to reach herd immunity. The 70 percent we are using is an estimation by Johns Hopkins University. As more research is done, the threshold will be better understood.
Latest vaccine information
In December, the U.S. green-lighted two coronavirus vaccines with emergency use authorizations. Shipments for Pfizer and Moderna's shots have already made their rounds across the state.
Then, in February, the single-dose Johnson & Johnson vaccine was approved. However, on April 13, the U.S. recommended a “pause” in the use of the single-dose Johnson & Johnson COVID-19 vaccine to investigate reports of rare but potentially dangerous blood clots, setting off a chain reaction worldwide and dealing a setback to the global vaccination campaign. That impacted state and federal sites in Florida that were offering the vaccine.
The CDC and FDA lifted the "pause" on the J&J vaccine on April 23.
So, where does the state stand on vaccinations?
According to the Florida Department of Health's latest report, 2,538,877 people across the state's 67 counties have been given the first dose of the COVID-19 vaccine.
Another 5,856,503 people have received the second dose and 563,975 people have gotten the J&J single-dose shot, meaning they are considered fully immunized.
According to the CDC, 14,815,858 doses have been administered in Florida.